How to find BSOD stop codes

January 9, 2010 Leave a comment

Here is a very quick guide on how to find the stop code in those BSOD error messages… There are a few different methods and each will work better for a specific situation… Some of these methods are only able to be used if the Windows Error Reporting Service and/or the Event Viewer are enabled…

The blue screen of death error message is often called a stop code, stop error, BSOD message, or BugCheck code… A BSOD is caused by any error that stops the operation of the operating system… The BSOD is designed to shutdown the computer to prevent damage due to a critical system error (an error that the system cannot recover from)… You may see a BSOD due to driver errors and other DLL files (running in kernel mode), hardware faults like memory, bad Registry hives, terminating critical system processes, boot loader or the kernel itself….

What are we looking for???

To easily debug a BSOD we need the STOP code that will start with 0x, and be seen around 1/4 to 1/3 of the way down from the top of the screen on the left side…

The typical format of a stop code:

number of error (parameters, parameter,etc,,,) name of error

0x means hex notation BTW…

Ways to get the code:

The easiest way is to simply read the screen… If the BSOD disappears too quickly, you can use a camera, or see below… Basically you want to disable the automatic restart function…

How To Disable Automatic Restarts:

If your stuck in a BSOD loop, where the computer starts, goes to boot, bluescreens and then reboots before you can read the stop code you need to do the following:

1. As the system is booting press F8 (to get the boot options, like safe mode)
2. Select something like safe mode using the arrow keys then press enter
3. After you press enter, quickly press F8 again…
4. Arrow down to the option “disable restart on system failure”…
5. Hit enter and then take note of the stop code…

If you can get into windows:

1. Right click on My Comp or go into system properties via control panel or use the shortcut Windows key + Pause/Break
2. Advanced tab
3. Click Startup and Recovery -> Then click Settings…
4. Under System Failure untick the Auto restart option

Event Viewer:

Another place to find the stop code if you can boot into windows or safe mode is the event viewer…

1. Open event viewer via the control panel > Admin tools > event viewer… Or just use the run command Start > Run > type “eventvwr.msc” (no ” “) and hit OK

2. Once in even viewer you need to just look for Application and System errors that occurred around the time of the BSOD…

3. Once you have found the error message, open the properties of the messages… If there are heaps of errors, export the errors to a text file then post it… To make the report go to Action > Export list > save it as a text file… You should see something in the error properties that starts with STOP: 0x__________ (0x_____________, 0x____________)

As a tip, in event viewer, look for bugcheck as the source… The eventID will be something like 1000, 1001 or 1006…

Watch Dog:
Finally you can use the watchdog error log:

go to \windows\logfiles\watchdog
Open the most resent WDL file
Select the Open command from the context menu.
Then open it in notepad (right click) and post the log here…

Memory Dump:

Another place to find the BSOD error code is the memory dump file… Search all folders for the files *.dmp or *.mdmp… Once you get it you need to use an app to analyse it, if it comes to this ill walk you through it… Sometimes this data is deleted when the error reporting service is enabled, and the report that pops up after you reboot the computer appears is sent…

To save this info, you need to copy the dump file, the file can be found by going to the Details link in there some file locations should be listed…

Good luck

NW

Categories: Uncategorized

PC Case Screws

January 9, 2010 Leave a comment

Ever asked, what kinda of screws do I need to use in my PC, why are there so many PC Case screws, is it bad if i dont use the right screws in my PC??? Well read on as this tut should help answer come of these questions about PC screws…

This is a very quick guide on the more common computer screws that come with most of today’s new cases… This seems like a very trivial and well boring topic, but many people are really at a loss as to which screws to use to fasten which devices.

I categorize screws into 3 major groups according to their thread:
1. Self tapping
2. Thick thread – UNC – 6-32
3. Fine/Thin thread – ISO M3x0.5

So which screws do we use for different applications???

Motherboard:

Motherboard is very simple, you need 2 parts, a motherboard spacer, and a screw.

Here I have taken a picture of your common thick thread spacer, you need to make sure that if the thread on the spacer is the same as the thread on the fastening screw… You want to use a 5mm screw here.

Hard drive:

To fasten the hard drive to the case, you want to use a 3/16″ thick thread screw (approx 4.7mm) with a ‘pan’ head… If you dont have these screws (often case manufacturers will only ship 3 types of screws), you can use the thick thread 5mm screws that we used to fasten the motherboard, but only when you dont have the 3/16″ screw, because if you use too long screw say the 1/4″ hex head thick thread, you risk damaging the PCB in the hard drive.

Optical Drive (5 1/4″):

To fasten the optical drive we can use either the 5mm thin thread hex head screw, or we can use a 5mm thin thread round head screws (same screw that we use to fasten the motherboard if we are using thin thread spacers)… It really doesn’t matter…

Floppy:
To fasten the floppy drive to the case, we use a 4mm version of the fine thread round head screw… Floppy drives are not that common these days so it is rare that you will find a 4mm thin thread screw with your case screws, so you need to use the ones supplied with the floppy drive…

I/O Brackets:

We can use the same screws that we use to fasten the optical drive, however the thread will vary from case to case, so depending on the screws supplied with your case, you may need to use thick thread hex… Remember if you can screw it in all the way with just your fingers using no downward force, then the screw should be right…

Fans:

For the fans we can either use the long bolt, that will go through the fan into the cases pre-threaded holes, or we can use the self tapping screws to fasten the fan to the case.


Thats it, if you have any further questions about PC case screws just send me a PM or post on the boards…

thumbsup.gif NW

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Hello world!

January 9, 2010 1 comment

Welcome to WordPress.com. This is your first post. Edit or delete it and start blogging!

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